Wednesday, December 14, 2016

The 2017 Chevy Volt Review

2017 Chevrolet Volt Compact car Range: 53 mi battery-only, 420 mi total MSRP: From $33,220 Battery charge time: 13h at 110V, 4.5h at 220V Horsepower: 149 hp Battery: 18.4 kWh 300 V lithium-ion Configurations LT $33,220 Premier $37,5702017 Chevrolet Volt Compact car Range: 53 mi battery-only, 420 mi total MSRP: From $33,220 Battery charge time: 13h at 110V, 4.5h at 220V Horsepower: 149 hp Battery: 18.4 kWh 300 V lithium-ion Configurations LT $33,220 Premier $37,570 This is what car and driver had to say about the VOLT: Despite the Volt’s eco image, it’s actually fun to drive, without the range anxiety of pure electric vehicles. Its gasoline-hybrid powertrain offers impressive all-electric range, greater efficiency, and better acceleration. The all-electric range is 53 miles; after that, the gas engine starts up to recharge the battery and keep you going. In our testing, we recorded 59 MPGe. There are five seats, but the middle rear seat is almost unusable. Charge times are 13 hours on 120V and 4.5 on 240V. The national average for regular gasoline recently dipped to $2.16 per gallon, more than half a buck lower than it was a year ago. That’s great for commuters but trouble for the fuel-sipping 2017 Chevrolet Volt reviewed here. When gas is cheap, new-vehicle shoppers’ thoughts drift toward plus-size SUVs and heavy-duty pickups. The few smart ones who hedge their bets know that a palace coup on the opposite side of the globe could spike pump prices. The Volt’s clean-sheet redesign for 2016 confirms that General Motors is serious about its stake in the efficiency corner of the market in spite of temporarily cheap fuel. Born in 2010 as an “extended-range electric vehicle,” the Volt cleared a path for what we now call plug-in hybrids. The dozen or so plug-ins currently on the market range from the Toyota Prius Prime with an estimated base price of $30,000 to the $141,695 BMW i8. for the complete article go to:

Monday, April 16, 2012

Honda Civic HF 40 mpg ?

Small cars
40 mpg dollars and sense: Honda Civic HF may save fuel, but doesn’t really save money

After delaying the worldwide debut of its new Civic, Honda came to the current fuel-miser wars - a year late and 1 mpg short. The standard versions of the Civic, the LX and EX sedans, are rated at 39 mpg on the highway.

That’s pretty good, unless you’re facing a field of competitors, including Chevrolet, Ford, and Hyundai, advertising a nice, round 40. Incidentally, the last EX we tested in 2006 got 43 mpg highway. So Honda brought back its long-dormant Civic HF model designation, complete with special aerodynamic aids and low-rolling resistance tires that could bring it back to the top of the pack. The Civic HF sedan is EPA-rated at 29 mpg city, 41 mpg highway, and a combined 33 mpg overall.

Interestingly, while Honda uses its proprietary variable valve actuation, it does not employ direct injection or turbocharging as other automakers do to achieve this level of fuel efficiency. It makes us wonder what Honda could achieve if it did employ the latest technologies. No doubt, we’ll eventually find out.

So if you’re in the market for a new Civic, should you buy an HF?

We took a look at the numbers and found the new model doesn’t really pan out. With power windows and locks, but no sunroof, the HF is most similar to a mid-level Civic LX. It also has an extra trunk spoiler, special wheels, low-rolling-resistance tires, extra under-body shields, and a lower ride height. It sells for $20,225 with a standard automatic transmission--$800 more than a Civic LX automatic EPA-rated at 28 mpg city, 39 mpg highway and a combined 32 mpg rating. We’ll soon have our own fuel economy for the Civic we are currently testing.

We based our financial comparison on the assumption that you drive the national average of 12,000 miles a year and pay a round $4 for gas. Based on those factors, the HF would save you $45 a year in gas. At that rate the gas savings would take 18 years to make up for the extra cost of an HF over a Civic LX automatic.

True, Honda also offers the Civic Hybrid, with an even better 44 mpg city and highway fuel economy rating. But it costs $4,500 more than the HF. Even that gas savings won’t make up for the extra cost, although in the past we’ve seen that hybrids also have lower depreciation, which could make up much of the difference over time.
Honda Civic LX (auto) Honda Civic HF
MSRP $19,425 $20,225
Difference — $800
Fuel economy
City 28 29
Highway 39 41
EPA combined 32 33
Annual fuel cost $1,500 $1,455
Annual savings $45
Payoff years 18

Our advice to consumers: If you’re looking for a fuel efficient Honda Civic, check out the mainstream Civic LX, which gets very good mileage. Then if you want to invest the $800 you save in donating to an environmental cause, you may get more back in taxes than you’d save in fuel the first year.

And our advice to all automakers: Saving fuel is important, to the country, to consumers, and to you facing higher fuel economy requirements. Clearly, technology is successful in improving efficiency. Why not give everybody the best bang for their buck by eliminating modified versions and simply building the most fuel-efficient cars you can across the model range?

Thursday, July 1, 2010

best hybrid suv's 2010

Hybrid SUV

2010-hybrid-suvs.jpgHybrid SUVs are fast becoming one of the most popular vehicles on the road today. In fact, online searches for a SUV hybrid in 2009 were among the highest for all hybrid cars. With ten models available now and several new ones scheduled to reach auto dealers later this year and in early 2011, we’ve set out to create the best hybrid SUV resource on the net. Whether you own a hybrid now or you’re planning to buy one in the future, we invite you to bookmark and check back for reviews, ratings, articles, and news. Compare SUV hybrids and reviews on our Hybrid SUV blog or find information via the sitemap.

Hybrid Ford Escape Hybrid Saturn Vue Hybrid Mazda Tribute Hybrid Mercury Mariner Hybrid Lexus RX 400h Hybrid Toyota Highlander

Escape Vue Tribute Mariner 450h Highlander


tahoe-hybrid.jpg yukonhybrid.jpg escalade-hybrid.jpg hybrid_cayenne.jpg future-durango-hybrid.jpg chrysler-aspen-hybrid.jpg

Tahoe Yukon Escalade Cayenne Durango Aspen

Locate the Hybrid Car You Want

Subscribe to Hybrid SUV

Hybrid Vehicle Gas Mileage Estimates (city/hwy)
(2009 & 2010 Hybrid SUV models)

34/30 mpg: 2009 Mazda Tribute (AWD)
34/31 mpg: 2010 Ford Escape (AWD)
34/31 mpg: 2010 Mercury Mariner (4WD)
30/27 mpg: 2010 Lexus RX 450h (AWD)
27/25 mpg: 2010 Toyota Highlander (AWD)
26/32 mpg: 2009 Saturn Vue (FWD)
21/24 mpg: 2010 Mercedes-Benz ML450 (AWD)
21/22 mpg: 2010 Chevrolet Tahoe (2WD)
20/20 mpg: 2010 GMC Yukon (4WD)
20/20 mpg: 2010 Cadillac Escalade (AWD)

* Current green SUV availability includes the Ford Escape, Toyota Highlander, Mercury Mariner, Lexus RX 400h & 450h, Mazda Tribute, Saturn Vue Green Line, Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon, Cadillac Escalade, and Mercedes ML 450. The Dodge Durango and Chrysler Aspen are here as well, but production has was halted in December of 2008 and very few are on the market. A full-mode version of the hybrid Saturn Vue was due out in 2009, but got cancelled. We will wait which models reach car dealers in 2010. Rumored to be next in line for a hybrid model are the Audi Q5 and Q7, Porsche Cayenne, Ford Edge, Honda Pilot, Lincoln MKX, BMW X5, Acura MDX, and possibly a hybrid from Volkswagen and Nissan. Looks like it is time to do a little hybrid comparison shopping. In The Media/News

Based on our most recent search stats, people looking for upcoming “concept” hybrids appear to be most interested in a Honda hybrid SUV. In addition, the four wheel drive, 4 wd, 4X4, and crossover (CUV) models are near the top of the list, as well as those with good towing capacity and fuel economy/gas mileage. Also, the most popular 2009 hybrid SUV was the Ford Escape. Watch for future announcements and news here on the best Hybrid SUV’s available.

Monday, June 21, 2010

top picks for hybrid vehicles for 2010

Hybrid cars complement gas engines with electric motors to improve gas mileage or to increase power through the use of a combined-propulsion system. Toyota and Honda are both major players in the hybrid space, but just about every other automaker is working on a hybrid model. We've picked our top hybrid cars based on great gas mileage and good performance.
2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid Editors' Choice - 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid

Combining a highly efficient hybrid power train with top-notch standard and optional cabin tech, the 2010 Ford Fusion Hybrid is both a great tech car and a great value.

Price: $27,625.00 (check prices)

* 4.5 stars

Overall score: 9.2 (4.5 stars)

2010 Lexus RX 450h

Lexus' new cabin tech suite helps the 2010 RX 450h keep on par with other car tech leaders, but the hybrid power train gives it a greater edge, delivering superior fuel economy and low emissions.

Price: $42,110.00 (check prices)

* 3.5 stars

Very good
Overall score: 7.7 (3.5 stars)

2010 Honda Insight EX Editors' Choice - 2010 Honda Insight EX

While the 2010 Honda Insight EX with navigation may not be as mileage-friendly as the Prius, it represents a much better value and is more fun to drive.

Price: $21,300.00 (check prices)

* 4.0 stars

Overall score: 8.1 (4.0 stars)

2010 Toyota Prius Editors' Choice - 2010 Toyota Prius

The 2010 Toyota Prius is a better car than its predecessor, although there are some areas, especially in the cabin, where we would have liked to see more improvement.

Price: $27,270.00 (check prices)

* 4.0 stars

Overall score: 8.4 (4.0 stars)

2010 Lexus HS250h

We like that the HS250h packs a good deal of cabin tech and luxurious refinements, but we wonder if the decidedly average fuel economy is worth the additional complexity of the hybrid drivetrain.

Price: $34,200.00 (check prices)

* 3.5 stars

Very good
Overall score: 7.2 (3.5 stars)

2010 Mercury Milan Hybrid Editors' Choice - 2010 Mercury Milan Hybrid

As a tech car, the 2010 Mercury Milan Hybrid hits all the right notes, providing comfortable and economical driving while offering an incredible array of convenience for the driver and passengers with its cabin tech.

Price: $27,855.00 (check prices)

* 4.5 stars

Overall score: 9.2 (4.5 stars)

2009 Nissan Altima Hybrid

Although not the most modern rig for cabin comforts, the 2009 Nissan Altima Hybrid is economical and fun to drive.

* 3.5 stars

Very good
Overall score: 7.7 (3.5 stars)

2009 Toyota Camry Hybrid

Although its cabin tech is behind the times, the 2009 Toyota Camry Hybrid provides an easy and comfortable driving experience while delivering excellent fuel economy and extremely low emissions.

* 3.5 stars

Very good
Overall score: 7.9 (3.5 stars)

2009 Ford Escape Hybrid Limited

Urban dwellers will love the 2009 Ford Escape Hybrid Limited's great fuel economy and awesome Sync-based tech package, but freeway commuters will find its high-speed manners unsettling.

* 3.5 stars

Very good

for full reviews and more info visit;

Sunday, June 6, 2010

top 8 alternative fuels

The growing interest in alternative fuels for cars and trucks is motivated by three important considerations:

1. Alternative fuels generally produce fewer vehicle emissions that contribute to smog, air pollution and global warming;
2. Most alternative fuels are not derived from finite fossil-fuel resources; and
3. Alternative fuels can help any nation become more energy independent.

The U.S. Energy Policy Act of 1992 identified eight alternative fuels. Some are already widely used; others are more experimental or not yet readily available. All have potential as full or partial alternatives to gasoline and diesel.

1. Ethanol as an Alternative Fuel
Ethanol is an alcohol-based alternative fuel that is made by fermenting and distilling crops such as corn, barley or wheat. Ethanol can be blended with gasoline to increase octane levels and improve emissions quality.

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2. Natural Gas as an Alternative Fuel
Natural gas is an alternative fuel that burns clean and is already widely available to people in many countries through utilities that provide natural gas to homes and businesses. When used in natural gas vehicles—cars and trucks with specially designed engines—natural gas produces far fewer harmful emissions than gasoline or diesel.

3. Electricity as an Alternative Fuel
Electricity can be used as a transportation alternative fuel for battery-powered electric and fuel-cell vehicles. Battery powered electric vehicles store power in batteries that are recharged by plugging the vehicle into a standard electrical source. Fuel-cell vehicles run on electricity that is produced through an electrochemical reaction that occurs when hydrogen and oxygen are combined. Fuel cells produce electricity without combustion or pollution.

4. Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel
Hydrogen can be mixed with natural gas to create an alternative fuel for vehicles that use certain types of internal combustion engines. Hydrogen is also used in fuel-cell vehicles that run on electricity produced by the petrochemical reaction that occurs when hydrogen and oxygen are combined in the fuel “stack.”

5. Propane as an Alternative Fuel
Propane—also called liquefied petroleum gas or LPG—is a byproduct of natural gas processing and crude oil refining. Already widely used as a fuel for cooking and heating, propane is also a popular alternative fuel for vehicles. Propane produces fewer emissions than gasoline, and there is also a highly developed infrastructure for propane transport, storage and distribution.

6. Biodiesel as an Alternative Fuel
Biodiesel is an alternative fuel based on vegetable oils or animal fats, even those recycled after restaurants have used them for cooking. Vehicle engines can be converted to burn biodiesel in its pure form, and biodiesel can also be blended with petroleum diesel and used in unmodified engines. Biodiesel is safe, biodegradable, reduces air pollutants associated with vehicle emissions, such as particulate matter, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons.
7. Methanol as an Alternative Fuel
Methanol, also known as wood alcohol, can be used as an alternative fuel in flexible fuel vehicles that are designed to run on M85, a blend of 85 percent methanol and 15 percent gasoline, but automakers are no longer manufacturing methanol-powered vehicles. Methanol could become an important alternative fuel in the future, however, as a source of the hydrogen needed to power fuel-cell vehicles.

8. P-Series Fuels as Alternative Fuels
P-Series fuels are a blend of ethanol, natural gas liquids and methyltetrahydrofuran (MeTHF), a co-solvent derived from biomass. P-Series fuels are clear, high-octane alternative fuels that can be used in flexible fuel vehicles. P-Series fuels can be used alone or mixed with gasoline in any ratio by simply adding it to the tank.

Saturday, May 30, 2009

Illinois Alternate Fuels rebate program

Illinois Alternate Fuels
Rebate Program

Application Instructions

IMPORTANT: BE SURE TO READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS IN ORDER TO SUBMIT A COMPLETE AND ACCURATE APPLICATION. Incomplete and erroneous applications will be denied. Make sure to use the correct type of rebate application form. Links to the required Rebate & W-9 forms can be found in this document.

Due to the increasingly large number of applicants, some rebates may not be issued until three to four months after the end of the rebate application period. Please be patient as we work to process all applications as expediently as possible. You will either receive a rebate check or a letter explaining why your application was not approved.

The Illinois Alternate Fuels Rebate Program started in 1998 and over $3.5 million in rebates have been issued through 2007. Anyone located in Illinois is eligible for this program, including individuals, businesses, local governments, and organizations. The only entity not eligible for this program is the federal government. Rebates may be issued to any applicant for up to 300 vehicles. The Illinois EPA will issue rebates as determined by the availability of funds in the Alternate Fuels Fund.

The types of alternate fuels eligible for this program include: ethanol (85% blend or “E85”), biodiesel (at least 20% blend or “B20”), natural gas, propane, electricity, and hydrogen. For biodiesel, the fuel must meet nationally-recognized ASTM D6751 or more recent ASTM fuel quality standards. Most commercial grade biodiesel meets this national fuel quality specification. Electric vehicles are those that are fully powered by electricity. Gasoline-electric hybrid vehicles are not defined as “electric vehicles” and are not eligible for this program since they are primarily operated on and refueled with gasoline. A hybrid vehicle would be eligible if it was designed to run on E85 or other alternate fuel (e.g., not primarily fueled with gasoline).

There are three types of rebates offered. However, the type of vehicle or fuel may dictate the type of rebate. Only one of the three types of rebates can be applied for per alternate fuel vehicle. A vehicle is only eligible to receive a rebate once in its life (a Fuel Rebate application may be submitted for three consecutive years). If you are purchasing a “used” vehicle that may appear to be otherwise eligible, please call us to verify that a previous owner did not use up the vehicle’s eligibility for this program. If you have a question that is not addressed in these instructions, you can call us at (217) 557-1441. Our office hours are 8:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. Monday-Friday, except state holidays.


The Fuel Rebate applies to the cost of purchasing and using E85 (85% ethanol blend) in an E85 flexible fuel vehicle (FFV), including an EPA-certified converted vehicle, or using Biodiesel (at least 20% blend, or B20+) in an on-road diesel vehicle. The majority of fuel purchases must be made from Illinois retail stations or fuel suppliers. The rebate is associated with each vehicle using E85 or Biodiesel (B20+) fuel. Although the “pump price” of E85 is likely to be less than gasoline, the rebate will offset the costs from a vehicle’s reduction in miles per gallon due to ethanol’s lower energy content. An applicant for a Fuel Rebate may apply for a rebate for each vehicle using E85 or Biodiesel (B20+) for up to three consecutive years.

In order to be eligible for a Fuel Rebate, the vehicle must refuel with E85 or Biodiesel (B20+) at least 50 percent of the time during the calendar year. This required 50 percent minimal usage is measured for the entire 12-month time period. For example, if an E85 FFV refuels an average of once per week, then the vehicle should be refueled at least 26 times with E85 during the year in order to be eligible for a rebate. If the vehicle is not purchased or E85 is not used until April, then the average refueling with E85 would need to be at least 75 percent during the rest of the year to achieve the 50 percent average for the 12-month time period. If the vehicle is not purchased or E85 is not used until July, then the vehicle would need to be refueled 100 percent of the time with E85 for the remainder of the year to result in an annual 50 percent average. If the vehicle is not owned for at least 6 months in that year and/or E85 usage does not begin until after July, then the prospective applicant cannot meet the 50 percent usage requirement for the year and will have to wait until the following year to begin the first of the three consecutive year rebate eligibility cycle. In this case, the 12-month time period and the first year’s cycle would begin the following January 1.

What You Need to Submit in your Application for a Fuel Rebate:

All Fuel Receipts or Invoices for E85 or Biodiesel (B20+) purchased during the year (we only need the E85 or Biodiesel fuel receipts)
Completed E85 Fuel Rebate Application or
Biodiesel (B20+) Rebate Application.
Completed W-9 Form
The fuel receipts or invoices should clearly identify “E85” or the biodiesel blend. If the receipts or invoices do not have this type of product identifier, then we need other documentation from the retail station or supplier to verify the use of E85 or Biodiesel (B20+).

Fuel Rebate Amounts: The amount of an E85 fuel rebate is $340 if the vehicle travels less than 17,500 miles in the application year and $450 if it travels 17,500 or more miles. For Biodiesel (B20+), the rebate amount is currently based on the incremental cost of using the Biodiesel fuel versus regular diesel. The rebate amount will be calculated at 80 percent of the average incremental cost of using Biodiesel throughout the year.

It is up to the applicant to apply for the second and third year Fuel Rebate for an eligible vehicle. The Illinois EPA will not send out reminders. If you are a fleet with multiple vehicles, see “For Fleet Applications involving Multiple Vehicles” below.

Application Deadline for a Fuel Rebate: For the 2009 calendar year, the Fuel Rebate application is due January 31, 2010. We must have your E85 or Biodiesel fuel receipts (or invoices) for all of 2009 enclosed with the application. Therefore, do not send the Fuel Rebate application until December or January, but it must be postmarked by January 31, 2010 for consideration.

For Fleet Applications involving Multiple Vehicles: In applying for Fuel Rebates for multiple vehicles using E85 or Biodiesel (B20+) fuel, you are encouraged to submit a fleet spreadsheet in lieu of separate applications for each vehicle. The fleet spreadsheets to list the E85 or Biodiesel vehicles can be found below. You may enter the vehicle information on these spreadsheets and print them to submit with one copy of the application form. When using the spreadsheet, please submit it with the completed application form, the W-9 form, and copies of fuel purchase invoices or receipts from an Illinois retail station or fuel distributor for the E-85 or Biodiesel used during the calendar year. If using Biodiesel (B20+), please record the estimated average incremental cost per gallon of the B20 or higher blends during the year versus the cost of regular diesel in the “Fuel Information” box. The “Vehicle Information” box may be left blank if the vehicles are listed on a spreadsheet. If both fuels are being used in the fleet and you are applying for Fuel Rebates for E85 and Biodiesel, please keep the application forms, the E85 and Biodiesel spreadsheets, and fuel invoices for the two fuels separate and submit two application packages, one for each fuel type. For fleets applying for Vehicle Rebates or Conversion Rebates, a separate application must be completed for each vehicle.

Spreadsheet for E85 Fleets

Spreadsheet for Biodiesel (B20+) Fleets


The Vehicle Rebate applies to the incremental cost of an alternate fuel vehicle purchased from a dealership or similar vendor as compared to the cost of its gasoline or diesel counterpart. The vehicle must be purchased from an Illinois dealership or similar company doing business in Illinois. No out-of-state vehicle purchases are eligible. The only exception is for heavy-duty specialty vehicles (i.e., natural gas transit buses) in which an Illinois company does not sell that particular type of vehicle.

A Vehicle Rebate is more appropriate for E85, natural gas, propane, and hydrogen vehicles. A few of the auto manufacturers make vehicles that run on natural gas or propane, and hydrogen vehicles are not yet being marketed to the public. There are some models of E85 FFVs that have an “upcharge” for the flexible-fuel engine, although most E85 vehicles do not cost any more than their gasoline-only counterparts. Consumers that pay extra for a new E85 vehicle because of the flexible-fuel engine can apply for a Vehicle Rebate, in lieu of a Fuel Rebate, if they choose to do so.

What You Need to Submit in your Application for a Vehicle Rebate:

A copy of the purchase invoice showing the negotiated cost of the alternate fuel vehicle. “Proof of payment” needs to be included. Acceptable forms of “proof of payment” include a copy of a canceled check (front and back), or the customer purchase invoice stamped as “Paid” or otherwise showing the vehicle purchase transaction. Paperwork showing only cost estimates without demonstration that the vehicle was purchased is not acceptable.
A copy of the manufacturer’s MSRP window sticker or other document that distinctly itemizes the “upcharge” of the alternate fuel vehicle or engine (e.g., for E85, the flexible fuel engine option) as compared to the same type of conventional vehicle. For further information in determining whether a new E85 flexible fuel vehicle would be eligible for a "Vehicle Rebate," please read the October 2008 letter sent to Illinois car dealers.
Completed Vehicle Rebate Application
Completed W-9 Form
Vehicle Rebate Amount: The amount of the Vehicle Rebate is for 80% of the incremental cost of the alternate fuel vehicle versus the same type of gasoline or diesel vehicle, up to $4,000. For example, if the “upcharge” of an E85 flexible fuel vehicle is $1,500, then the amount of the Vehicle Rebate would be $1,200.

Application Deadline for a Vehicle Rebate: The Illinois EPA processes Vehicle Rebates twice each year, at the end of June and at the end of the year. You must apply for this rebate in the same year as when you purchased the vehicle.* The application deadline for a Vehicle Rebate for an alternate fuel vehicle purchased in 2009 is December 31, 2009.* However, if you purchase the vehicle in the first half of the year, you can get your rebate earlier if you submit the application by June 30, 2009.

*If you purchase a vehicle in December 2009, the Vehicle Rebate application is not due until January 31, 2010 (e.g., you are given an extra month to apply for a vehicle purchased in December).


The Conversion Rebate applies to the cost of converting a conventional gasoline or diesel vehicle to an alternate fuel. A conversion rebate is more appropriate for natural gas, propane, and electric vehicles. There is one company that offers E85 conversions for a few types of vehicles. See the “Contacts” page on this website for more information on known companies that do vehicle conversions.

Due to federal laws, only vehicle conversion systems that are tested and certified for emissions by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency or the California Air Resources Board (CARB) can be installed on a vehicle. Several certified conversion systems for natural gas and propane are available on the market, along with the one known E85 conversion system. The Illinois EPA cannot accept any rebate applications for a conversion system that is not emissions-certified by the U.S. EPA or CARB, per federal law. You will need to prove U.S. EPA conversion certification by providing a copy of the Certificate of Conformity issued by the U.S. EPA’s Office of Transportation and Air Quality or similar CARB certificate with your Conversion Rebate application. Be sure to ask the conversion company or system manufacturer for a copy of the conversion system’s Certificate of Conformity or CARB certificate. Since electric vehicles do not utilize internal combustion engines and have no tailpipe emissions, the U.S. EPA does not provide a Certificate of Conformity for electric conversions. Therefore, an applicant for an electric vehicle conversion does not need to provide this certificate. However, for an electric vehicle conversion, please complete the first four lines of the “Conversion Information” section and leave the “certifying agent” and “converter or owner certification” blank.

To be eligible for a Conversion Rebate, the conversion “must take place in Illinois.” Therefore, if you are having a vehicle converted to an alternate fuel, you must use an Illinois business or the vehicle must be converted in Illinois by an individual or other qualified converter to be eligible.

What You Need to Submit in your Application for a Conversion Rebate:

A copy of the conversion invoice (if conversion was done by a commercial business) or copies of receipts and invoices for engine components, fuel system, and other relevant items associated with the vehicle conversion. The invoices and receipts need to demonstrate “Proof of payment.” Acceptable forms of “proof of payment” include a copy of a canceled check (front and back) or the customer purchase invoice stamped as “Paid” or otherwise showing the conversion purchase transaction. Paperwork showing only cost estimates without demonstration that the conversion was purchased or completed is not acceptable.
Completed Conversion Rebate Application
Completed W-9 Form
The U.S. EPA Certificate of Conformity or CARB certificate (except electric vehicle conversions)
Conversion Rebate Amount: The amount of the Conversion Rebate is for 80% of the cost of the conversion of the vehicle to an alternate fuel up to $4,000.

Application Deadline for a Conversion Rebate: The Illinois EPA processes Conversion Rebates twice each year, at the end of June and at the end of the year. You must apply for this rebate in the same year as when the vehicle conversion was completed.* The application deadline for a Conversion Rebate in which the conversion is completed in 2009 is December 31, 2009*. However, if the conversion is completed in the first half of the year, you can get your rebate earlier if you submit the application by June 30, 2009.

*If you have a vehicle converted in December 2009, the Conversion Rebate application is not due until January 31, 2010 (e.g., you are given an extra month to apply for a vehicle conversion completed in December).

Wednesday, May 27, 2009

tax rebates and tax credits for hybrid and alternative fuel vehicles and cars

Hybrid Vehicles

Vehicles Purchased or Placed in Service

The Energy Policy Act of 2005 replaced the clean-fuel burning deduction with a tax credit. A tax credit is subtracted directly from the total amount of federal tax owed, thus reducing or even eliminating the taxpayer’s tax obligation. The tax credit for hybrid vehicles applies to vehicles purchased or placed in service on or after January 1, 2006.

The credit is only available to the original purchaser of a new, qualifying vehicle. If a qualifying vehicle is leased to a consumer, the leasing company may claim the credit.

Hybrid vehicles have drive trains powered by both an internal combustion engine and a rechargeable battery. Many currently available hybrid vehicles may qualify for the tax credit.

These models have been certified for the credit in the following amounts:

† This reflects a decrease in the credit amount as of Oct. 1, 2006, due to the manufacturers meeting quarterly sales of 60,000 qualified hybrid cars — See Quarterly Sales, below.

†† This credit amount does not phase out. The full amount of the altenative fuel vehicle credit would be available for vehicles purchased on or before December 31, 2010.

Qualifed Cars and Credit Amounts

Model Year 2009
Model Year 2008
Model Year 2007
Model Year 2006
Model Year 2005
Quarterly Sales

Consumers seeking the credit may want to buy early since the full credit is only available for a limited time. Taxpayers may claim the full amount of the allowable credit up to the end of the first calendar quarter after the quarter in which the manufacturer records its sale of the 60,000th hybrid passenger automobile or light truck or advance lean burn technology motor vehicle. For the second and third calendar quarters after the quarter in which the 60,000th vehicle is sold, taxpayers may claim 50 percent of the credit. For the fourth and fifth calendar quarters, taxpayers may claim 25 percent of the credit. No credit is allowed after the fifth quarter.

More information on the latest hybrid quarterly sales is available.

For example, F Company is a manufacturer of hybrid motor vehicles, but not advanced lean burn technology motor vehicles. F Company sells its 60,000th hybrid car on March 31, 2007.

Ms. Smith buys an F Company hybrid car on June 30, 2007, and claims the full credit.
Ms. Maple buys an F Company hybrid car on Dec. 31, 2007, and claims 50 percent of the credit.
Mr. Grey buys an F Company hybrid car on June 30, 2008, and claims 25 percent of the credit.
Mr. Green buys an F Company hybrid car on July 1, 2008, and is unable to claim the credit, because the credit has phased out for F Company vehicles.
Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A., Inc., has submitted quarterly reports indicating that its cumulative sales of qualified vehicles to retail dealiers has reached the 60,000-vehicle limit during the calendar quarter ending June 30, 2006. Effective Oct. 1, 2006, the tax credit amounts for certified Toyota models will be reduced. The models and allowable credits may be found in news releases IR-2006-145, Toyota Hybrids Begins Phaseout on October 1and IR-2006-154, Additional Toyota and Lexus Vehicles Certified for the Energy Tax Credit.

More detailed information may be found in the Summary of the Credit for Qualified Hybrid Vehicles

Advanced Lean Burn Technology Vehicles

Purchasers of advanced lean burn technology motor vehicles may claim a credit of $1,300 per vehicle.



Credit Amount


2009 Jetta –2.0L TDI Sedan manual and automatic



2009 Sportwagen –2.0L TDI manual and automatic